Steroid effects on liver

Laws and Penalties:  Concerns over growing illegal AAS abuse by teenagers, and many of the just discussed long-term effects, led Congress in 1991 to place the whole AAS class of drugs into Schedule III of the Controlled Substances Act (CSA).  Under this legislation, AAS are defined as any drug or hormonal substance, chemically and pharmacologically related to T (other than estrogens, progestins, and corticosteroids) that promotes muscle growth.  The possession or sale of AAS without a valid prescription is illegal.  Since 1991, simple possession of illegally obtained AAS carry a maximum penalty of one year in prison and a minimum $1,000 fine if this is an individual’s first drug offense.  The maximum penalty for trafficking (selling or possessing enough to be suspected of selling) is five years in prison and a fine of $250,000 if this is the individual’s first felony drug offense.  If this is the second felony drug offense, the maximum period of imprisonment and the maximum fine both double.  While the above listed penalties are for federal offenses, individual states have also implemented fines and penalties for illegal use of AAS.  State executive offices have also recognized the seriousness of AAS abuse and other drugs of abuse in schools. For example, the State of Virginia enacted a law that will allow student drug testing as a legitimate school drug prevention program (48, 49).

Anabolic steroids are substances recommended by doctors to people who are suffering from specific medical conditions. Those who have HIV and whose muscles have wasted are advised by medical professionals to inject or take anabolic steroids orally because those substances are known to promote muscle growth and strength. Also, those who have some types of impotence or anemia can benefit a lot from using the substances. That is, if they follow their doctors’prescription down to the letter - the exact dosage and the frequency of the consumption are already set by doctors and a patient has to obey everything that the doctor said.

Steroid effects on liver

steroid effects on liver


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